Added value of the measles-rubella supplementary immunization activity in reaching unvaccinated and under- vaccinated children, a cross-sectional study in five Indian districts, 2018–20
Supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) are a regular part of measles control activities. In order to stop the spread of measles, SIAs must reach susceptible children, including those who have not yet received the recommended two routine doses of MCV. An important indicator for measuring the “added value” of SIAs is how well they reach children who are not routinely vaccinated. A cross-sectional serosurvey in five different districts of India was conducted following the 2017-2019 MR SIA.
Read more to know how well SIA covered the MCV unvaccinated and under-vaccinated children following the 2017-2019 MR SIA.
Supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) aim to interrupt measles transmission by reaching susceptible children, including children who have not received the recommended two routine doses of MCV before the SIA. However, both strategies may miss the same children if vaccine doses are highly correlated. How well SIAs reach children missed by routine immunization is a key metric in assessing the added value of SIAs.
Children aged 9 months to younger than 5 years were enrolled in cross-sectional household serosurveys conducted in five districts in India following the 2017–2019 measles-rubella (MR) SIA. History of measles containing vaccine (MCV) through routine services or SIA was obtained from documents and verbal recall. Receipt of a first or second MCV dose during the SIA was categorized as ‘‘added value” of the SIA in reaching un- and under vaccinated children.
A total of 1,675 children were enrolled in these post-SIA surveys. The percentage of children receiving a 1st or 2nd dose through the SIA ranged from 12.8% in Thiruvananthapuram District to 48.6% in Dibrugarh District. Although the number of zero-dose children prior to the SIA was small in most sites, the proportion reached by the SIA ranged from 45.8% in Thiruvananthapuram District to 94.9% in Dibrugarh District. Fewer than 7% of children remained measles zero-dose after the MR SIA (range: 1.1–6.4%) compared to up to 28% before the SIA (range: 7.3–28.1%).
We demonstrated the MR SIA provided considerable added value in terms of measles vaccination coverage, although there was variability across districts due to differences in routine and SIA coverage, and which children were reached by the SIA. Metrics evaluating the added value of an SIA can help to inform the design of vaccination strategies to better reach zero-dose or undervaccinated children.
For more details on the article
- Prosperi C, Thangaraj JWV, Hasan AZ, et al. Added value of the measles-rubella supplementary immunization activity in reaching unvaccinated and under-vaccinated children, a cross-sectional study in five Indian districts, 2018 20. Vaccine. 2023 Jan 9;41(2):486-495. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2022.11.010. Epub 2022 Dec 5. PMID: 36481106; PMCID: PMC9831119.
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