Pulse presents ACS EuroPath: a pioneering programme on post-ACS patient pathway optimisation1,2

The ACS EuroPath programme, an initiative brought to you by Pulse, aims to improve patient outcomes by identifying opportunities to optimise the post-ACS patient pathway in current clinical practice and proven solutions to meet these opportunities.1,2

ACS EuroPath: A pioneering EU programme on ACS patient pathway optimisation, aiming to improve patient outcomes since 2018.1,2

1.Involving 555 cardiologists and data collected from 2,775 participating patients around Europe3


2. Assessing current post-ACS lipid management clinical practices1

Data collected from patient record forms during acute phase and follow-up1

1 year of data collection including lipid profile, medications, and follow-up visit planning1

Evaluating ACS lipid management compliance to ESC/EAS guidelines1

3. Identifying pathway models2

8 Verified examples of post-ACS patient pathway solutions to reach LDL-C goal of <55 mg/dL, evaluated and assessed in terms of replicability, from 7 countries2

Hospital Del Mar - Spain

Hospitals in The Netherlands - Netherlands

BEL-FaHST centres - Belgium

Rivoli Hospital - Italy

AKH Hospital - Austria

Skåne University Hospital in Malmő - Sweeden

Besançon Hospital - France

The ACS EuroPath programme identifies opportunities to treat aggressively, combine and start early for ACS patients and provides verified pathway models that were implemented by European Health Centres.1,2*



Treat aggressively


Start Early

ESC/EAS 2019 Guidelines1 LDL-C <55 mg/dL (<1.4 mmol/L) AND a ≥50% reduction from baseline
  • Initiate or continue high-intensity statin therapy in all statin-tolerant patients, regardless of LDL-C value
  • Add ezetimibe if not at goal with maximum tolerated statins
  • Add PCSK9i if not at goal despite maximum tolerated statin therapy + ezetimibe
  • Follow up every 4–6 weeks when not at target
    (ACS EuroPath§)
    87% of LDL-tested patients were not at goal at 2nd follow up5
    (68% at 2016 LDL-C goal of <70 mg/dL [n=423/626])2,5
    75% didn’t receive additional treatment when not at LDL-C goal after 1st follow up3
    64% are not followed up in <6 weeks3
    Verified pathway models 3-Month Follow-Up by Cardiologist
    Netherlands: identification of all very high-risk ACS patients with LDL-C >70 mg/dL to ensure 3-month follow-up algorithm, including LLT intensification protocol with cardiologist2
    Combination Therapy
    France: systemise high-intensity statin and ezetimibe prescription to all patients with LDL-C >100 mg/dL, including statin-naive patients2
    Virtual Visits
    Spain: virtual visit by cardiologist every 6 weeks with lipid profile monitoring until patients reach LDL-C target2
    Discharge Letters
    Italy: discharge letter for the GP with LDL-C target. Ask for LDL-C test within 1 month. Request to refer the patient to the cardiologist if LDL-C is not at target2
    Cardiac Rehab LLT Protocol
    Sweden: cardiac rehabilitation nurses enabled to prescribe additional LLT therapies according to protocol2

    *By means of a 45-minute online questionnaire, data on 2,775 ACS patients (either acute case or follow-up patients) were collected from 555 cardiologists across 7 European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, Switzerland and the Netherlands), including data on lipid profile, medications, follow- up visit planning, screening for familial hypercholesterolaemia. The aim of this survey was to evaluate the compliance to current ESC/EAS guidelines during management of ACS and the effectiveness of secondary prevention in post-ACS patients.1

    As a follow-up from the ACS Patient Pathway Project, initiatives from European health centres in- and post-hospital ACS lipid management aimed at overcoming the gaps present in each country2

    ACS= acute coronary syndrome ; ESC European Atheroscleros is Society ; ESC=European Society of Cardiology; LDL-C= low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; PCSK9i= proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitor.

      1. Landmesser U, Pirillo A, Farnier M, et al. Lipid-lowering therapy and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal achievement in patients with acute coronary syndromes: The ACS patient pathway project. Atheroscler Suppl. 2020;42:e49–e58.
      2. Alings M, Descamps O, Guillon B, et al. Implementation of clinical practices and pathways optimizing ACS patients lipid management: Focus on eight European initiatives. Atheroscler Suppl. 2020;42:e59–e64.
      3. Mach F, Baigent C, Catapano AL, et al. 2019 ESC/EAS Guidelines for the management of dyslipidaemias: lipid modification to reduce cardiovascular risk. Eur Heart J. 2020;41(1):111–188.
      4. Landmesser U, Pirillo A, Fernier M, et al. Lipid-lowering therapy and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol goal achievement in patients with acute coronary syndromes: The ACS patient pathway project. Atheroscler Suppl. Suppl. 2020;42:e49–e58.
      5. Catapano AL, Graham I, De Backer, G, et al. 2016 ESC/EAS Guidelines for the management of dyslipidaemias. Eur Heart J. 2016;37(39):2999–3058.
      6. Sionis A, Catapano AL, De Ferrari GM, et al. Improving lipid management in patients with acute coronary syndrome: The ACS Lipid EuroPath tool. Atheroscler Suppl. 2020;42:e65–e71.


    MAT-BH-2200394/V1/May 2022