Objective and Method
Consensus based on literature supporting clinical presentation and recommendations
Clinical Presentation for Pediatric/Juvenile* and Adult# LOPD Proposed During the First Meeting
Diagnostic Algorithm Proposed During the Second Meeting
A consensus-based diagnostic algorithm simplifies LOPD diagnosis across specialties
Guides clinicians in the differential diagnosis of LOPD
Facilitates direct referral for early and accurate diagnosis of LOPD
*The age of patients with pediatric/juvenile LOPD ranges from 1 to 17 years; #The age of patients with adult LOPD is usually 18 years and above.
ALT: Alanine aminotransferase; AST: Aspartate aminotransferase; CK: Creatine kinase; DBS: Dried blood spot testing; DMD: Duchenne muscular dystrophy; KSA: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; LDH: Lactate dehydrogenase; LGMW: Limb–girdle muscle weakness; LOPD: Late-onset Pompe disease; MG: Myasthenia gravis; SMA: Spinal muscular atrophy; UAE: United Arab Emirates.
Al Shehri A, Al-Asmi A, Al Salti AM, et al. A multidisciplinary perspective addressing the diagnostic challenges of late-onset Pompe disease in the Arabian Peninsula region developed from an Expert Group Meeting. J Neuromuscul Dis. 2022;9(5):661–673.